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Sigur Ros (inspiration from Iceland)

Sigur Rós
Sigur Rós concert in Reykjavík 2005Background informationOriginReykjavíkIcelandGenresPost-rock
Dream pop
Experimental rock
AmbientYears active1994–present (indefinite hiatus)LabelsFat Cat
Geffen
EMI
XL Recordings
SmekkleysaAssociated actsAmiina
Jónsi & Alex
JónsiWebsitewww.sigurros.comMembersJón Þór “Jónsi” Birgisson
Georg “Goggi” Hólm
Kjartan “Kjarri” Sveinsson
Orri Páll DýrasonFormer membersÁgúst Ævar Gunnarsson

Sigur Rós (English pronunciation: /ˈsɪɡər ˈrɒs/Icelandic: [ˈsɪːɣʏr ˈrouːs]( listen)) is an Icelandic post-rock band with melodic, classical, andminimalist elements. The band is known for its ethereal sound and lead singer Jónsi Birgisson’s falsetto. In January 2010, the band announced that they will be on hiatus until further notice in order to pursue solo careers and to spend time with their families.

History

Von (1997) and Von brigði (1998)

Main articles: Von (album) and Von brigði

Jón Þór (Jónsi) Birgisson (guitar and vocals), Georg Hólm (bass) and Ágúst Ævar Gunnarsson (drums) formed the group in Reykjavík in August 1994.[2] Their name is Icelandic wordplay: while the individual words Sigur and Rós mean, respectively, Victory and Rose, “Victory Rose” wouldn’t be grammatically correct; the name is actually borrowed from Jónsi’s younger sister Sigurrós, who was born the same day as the band was formed, and then split into two words.[2] They soon won a record deal with the local Sugarcubes-owned record label, Bad Taste. In 1997, they released Von (pronounced [vɔːn], meaning “hope”) and in 1998 a remix collection named Von brigði ([vɔːn ˈprɪɣðɪ]). This name is also Icelandic wordplay: Vonbrigði means “disappointment”, but Von brigði means “variations on Von”. The band was joined byKjartan Sveinsson on keyboards in 1998. He is the only member of Sigur Rós with musical training, and has contributed most of the orchestral and string arrangements for their later work.

[edit]Ágætis byrjun (1999)

Main article: Ágætis byrjun

International acclaim came with 1999’s Ágætis byrjun ([au̯ɣai̯tʰɪs pɪrjʏn] ”An all right start”). The album’s reputation spread by word of mouth over the following two years. Soon critics worldwide hailed it as one of the great albums of its time,[3] and the band was playing support to established acts such as Radiohead. Three songs, Ágætis byrjun’, “Svefn-g-englar”, and a live take of the then-unreleased “Njósnavélin” (later ‘un-named’ “Untitled #4”) appeared in the Cameron Crowe film Vanilla Sky. The two songs also subsequently appeared in the US version of the television series Queer as Folk. Their music has also appeared in the TV series 24 with Ný batteríCSI with “Svefn-g-englar” and CSI: Miami with “Untitled 3” (a.k.a.Samskeyti). In 2004, Wes Anderson used “Starálfur” in The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou[4] as did the Emmy winning 2005 TV film The Girl in the Café and “Untitled 3” (a.k.a. Samskeyti) can be heard in the final scene from the Gregg Araki film Mysterious Skin. It can also be heard in Skins (TV series). They are also used in Enki Bilal's Immortel (Ad Vitam).The song “Svefn-g-englar” was also used on “V (2009 TV series)" on November 24, 2009.

After the release of Ágætis byrjun, the band became well known for Jónsi’s signature style of playing guitar with the bow from a cello, accentuated with reverb.

[edit]Rímur (2001)

Main article: Rímur (album)

In 2001, Sigur Rós christened their newly completed studio by recording an EP with an Icelandic fisherman named Steindór Andersen. The EP contains six songs, all of which feature Steindór Andersen reciting traditional Icelandic poetry called rímur. Sigur Rós accompany him on three songs. Two songs feature Steindór alone. The last song on the EP, “Lækurinn”, is a duet with Sigurður Sigurðarson. A thousand copies of the EP were printed and sold during the spring tour of 2001. The EP was sold in a blank-white-paper case.[5]

[edit]( ) (2002)

Main article: ( )

Drummer Ágúst left the band after the recording of Ágætis byrjun and was replaced by Orri Páll Dýrason[6]. In 2002, their highly anticipated follow-up album ( ) was released. Upon release all tracks on the album were untitled, though the band later published song names on their website. All of the lyrics on ( ) are sung in Vonlenska, also known as Hopelandic, aconstructed language of nonsense syllables which resembles the phonology of the Icelandic language. It has also been said that the listener is supposed to interpret their own meanings of the lyrics which can then be written in the blank pages in the album booklet.

Sigur Rós collaborated with Radiohead in October 2003 to compose music for Merce Cunningham's dance piece Split Sides; Sigur Rós’s three tracks were named Ba Ba Ti Ki Di Do and released in March 2004 while Radiohead’s contribution was never released. Sigur Rós’ 1997 debut album Von found a US and UK release in October 2004.

"Untitled 3" from the album is used on the video "6AM" by film maker Carmen Vidal, winner of the 2006 Student Academy Award.[7]

[edit]Takk… (2005)

Main article: Takk…Sigur Rós performing in Hong Kong, on 7 April 2006.

Their fourth album, Takk… ([ˈtʰaʰk]; “Thanks…”) employs the distinctive sound of their second album in a more rock oriented structure with greater use of the guitar, and was released in September 2005. “Hoppípolla" ([ˈhɔʰpiˌpʰɔtl̥a] ”Hop in puddles”), the second official single fromTakk…, was released in November alongside a new studio remake of “Hafsól” ([ˈhafsoʊ̯l] ”Ocean Sun”), a song that was previously released on the band’s 1997 debut, Von. “Hoppípolla” was used in the trailers for the BBC’s natural history series Planet Earth in 2006, as well as the closing credits for the 2006 FA Cup final and ITV's coverage of the 2006 Oxford and Cambridge Boat Race, advertisements for the BBC’s coverage of England games during the 2006 FIFA World Cup, on television advertisements for RTÉ's Gaelic games coverage in Ireland and on an advertisement for Oxfam. It was also used in the final scene of the movie Penelope, for the trailer of the film Children of Men and for the trailer of the film Slumdog Millionaire. Following this, demand for the single grew. It was made more widely available by EMI in consequence. This song is also used in the trailer for the Disney movie Earth.

An extended Sæglópur EP ([ˈsaɪ̯ˌkloʊ̯pʏr]) was released in July 2006 in most parts of the world and in August in the United States. Its original release was scheduled in May, but because of the sudden demand of “Hoppípolla” it was pushed back from that date. Sigur Rós recorded three new songs to appear on the EP (“Refur”, “Ó friður”, and “Kafari”). In July 2006, Sigur Rós finished a major world tour with stops in Europe, the United States (where they played a headline show at the Hollywood Bowl), Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong and Japan. Upon return to their homeland, Sigur Rós provided a series of free surprise outdoor concerts throughout Iceland in July and August, playing in various venues such as abandoned bunkers and community coffee shops, all of which were included in the 2007 documentary film Heima. They also performed twice in the United States in February.[8]

[edit]Heima and Hvarf/Heim (2007)

Main article: HeimaMain article: Hvarf/HeimAt UCLA in 2008, playing an acoustic set before screening Heima

In August 2007, a limited DVD+CD edition of the 2002 soundtrack to the documentary Hlemmur was released. Hvarf/Heim ([ˈkʰvarf], [ˈhɛɪ̯m]) was released on 5 November (6 November in the U.S.), a double compilation album containing studio versions of previously unreleased songs — “Salka” [ˈsalka], “Hljómalind” [ˈɬʲoʊ̯maˌlɪnt] (formerly known as “Rokklagið”), “Í Gær” [i ˈcaɪ̯r] and “Von” —, on Hvarf, and acoustic studio versions of the songs: “Samskeyti” ([ˈsamˌscɛɪ̯tɪ]), “Starálfur” [ˈstarˌaʊ̯lvʏr], “Vaka” [ˈvaːka], “Ágætis Byrjun”, “Heysátan” [ˈhɛɪ̯saʊ̯tan] and “Von”, on Heim. On the same day (20 November in the U.S.) Heima, a live DVD of the previous summer’s Iceland tour, was released. Just prior to the release of Hvarf/Heim, on 29 October, a single named Hljómalind was released.

To promote their film Heima, the band scheduled a series of premiere screenings throughout the world, featuring a short acoustic set before the film and a question-and-answer session afterwards.

[edit]Með suð í eyrum við spilum endalaust (2008)

Main article: Með suð í eyrum við spilum endalaust

The band’s fifth regular studio album (pronounced [mɛð sʏð i ˈeiːrʏm vɪð ˈspɪːlʏm ˈɛndaløysd], “With a Buzz in Our Ears We Play Endlessly”), recorded with producer Flood in downtown Reykjavík,[9] was released in June 2008 to generally positive reviews. Stylistically different from their earlier releases, it featured fewer strings and more guitar,[10] and had more pop-oriented songs, making it “the group’s most accessible effort” while maintaining the “majestic beauty that defines the band’s music.”[11] The final track “All Alright" is the band’s first to be sung in English, though all the other lyrics are in Icelandic.

Sigur Rós performing in Bournemouth, United Kingdom, 2008

The band were announced as a headlining act for the 2008 Splendour in the Grass Festival in Byron Bay, Australia,[12] Latitude Festival2008[13] and the 2008 La Route du Rock Festival in St Malo, France.[14] In addition, the band performed a late-night set at the 2008 BonnarooMusic Festival in Manchester, Tennessee,[15] where they blew a speaker at the end of their second song. Jónsi Birgisson commented, “The piano is exploding, I think,” one of the few things spoken in English.

The band released the first song from the album entitled “Gobbledigook" for free on their website, along with a music video.[16][17]

On June 8, the whole album was made available for free streaming on their website[18] and Last.fm.[19]

In the fall of 2008 Sigur Rós embarked on a world tour supporting their newly released album. The band played as a four piece without Amiinaand the brass band, the first time the band had played as a four piece in seven years. The tour started on 17 September 2008 in the United States, at the United Palace Theater in New York City, and finished with a concert in Reykjavík at Laugardalshöll on 23 November 2008. The majority of the tour was European with the exception of concerts in the United StatesAustraliaCanada and Japan.

[edit]New album rumours and hiatus (2009 - )

On 28 May 2009 Sigur Rós announced that they had almost completed recording their latest album.[20] The band said the album is taking form as a slower and more ambient record than both Með suð í eyrum við spilum endalaust and Takk…. The music is also described as melodic but much less noisy and more “out there” than previous albums. The unnamed album was expected to be released sometime in 2010. However, the band later revealed that the recordings had been scrapped. In a 2010 interview, Jónsi confirmed “We haven’t got another album ready,” he said. “It was just a rumour. We started to record something, but then we chucked it all away. So I think we are going to have to start it all again.”[21] Sigur Rós have yet to reveal when they will start work on the new album but the band are rumoured to be on indefinite hiatus as of January 2010.[21] However, before taking the stage in April at Coachella 2010, Jónsi commented that Sigur Rós will be getting back to work this year: “I’m gonna record some other stuff with Sigur Rós when I’m home”, which will take place between a series of shows during his solo tour in summer 2010.[22]

[edit]Vonlenska

Vonlenska is a term used to describe the unintelligible lyrics sung by the band,[23] in particular by Jón Þór Birgisson. It is also commonly known by the English translation of its name,Hopelandic. It takes its name from “Von”, a song on Sigur Rós’s debut album Von where it was first used.

Vonlenska is a non-literal language, without fixed syntax, and differs from constructed languages that can be used for communication. It focuses entirely on the sounds of language; lacking grammar, meaning, and even distinct words. Instead, it consists of emotive non-lexical vocables and phonemes; in effect, Vonlenska uses the melodic and rhythmic elements of singing without the conceptual content of language. In this way, it is similar to the use of scat singing in vocal jazz. The band’s website describes it as “a form of gibberish vocals that fits to the music”.[24] Most of the syllable strings sung by Jón Þór Birgisson are repeated many times throughout each song, and in the case of ( ), throughout the whole album.

[edit]Songs featuring Vonlenska

Sigur Rós performing in Barcelona, 2005
  • From Von:
    • "Von"
  • From ( ):
    • All songs with vocals are sung exclusively in Vonlenska.
  • From Takk…:
    • Hoppípolla" (Following the Icelandic line "En ég stend alltaf upp")
    • "Sé lest"
    • Sæglópur" (With Icelandic at the end)
    • "Mílanó"
    • "Gong"
    • "Andvari"
    • "Svo hljótt" (Following the Icelandic line "Ég þakka þér þá von…")
  • From Hvarf:
    • "Salka"
    • Hljómalind
    • "Í Gær"
    • "Von"
    • "Hafsól" (In the middle and towards the end)
  • From Heim:
    • "Vaka"
    • "Ágætis byrjun" (Towards the end)
    • "Von"
  • From Með suð í eyrum við spilum endalaust:
    • "Við spilum endalaust" (With Hopelandic in all the refrains between the lines "Við spiluðum" and in the end)
    • "Festival"
    • "Ára bátur" (Following the Icelandic line "Ég fór, þú fórst" + entire second half)
    • "Fljótavik" (Towards the end)
    • All Alright" (Towards the end)
  • Other Songs:
    • "Fönklagið"
    • "Gítardjamm"
    • "Nýja lagið"
    • "Heima" [DVD Version]

A Film by Sigur Ros

Heima
Heima coverDirected byDean DeBloisProduced byJohn Best
Dean O’Connor
Finni JóhanssonStarringJón Þór Birgisson
Georg Hólm
Kjartan Sveinsson
Orri Páll Dýrason
Hildur Ársælsdóttir
María Huld Markan Sigfúsdóttir
Edda Rún Ólafsdóttir
Sólrún SumarliðadóttirCinematographyAlan CalzattiRelease date(s)27 September 2007 (Iceland)Running time94 min.CountryIcelandLanguageEnglish

Heima (EnglishAt home) is a documentary and double DVD set about the tour around Iceland in the summer of 2006 of the band Sigur Rós. During the tour the band played two big open-air concerts at Miklatún - Reykjavík (30 July) and Ásbyrgi (4 August), as well as small scale concerts at Ólafsvík (24 July), Ísafjörður (26 July), Djúpavík (27 July), HálsÖxnadalur (28 July) and Seyðisfjörður (3 August). In addition, a protest concert against the Kárahnjúkar dam was performed at Snæfellsskála (3 August). The documentary also includes footage of an acoustic concert played for family and friends at Gamla Borg, a coffee shop in the small town Borg, on 22 April 2007.

The documentary premiered in Iceland at the Reykjavík International Film Festival opening day, 27th of September 2007. Heima was released 5 November 2007 (4 December in North America) in two editions, one including atmospheric photos in a photobook documenting the tour.

The DVD has sold 5,000 copies in Canada earning it a Gold Award under the Video Certifications

DVD 1

  1. Titles/Intro
  2. Glósóli
  3. Sé Lest
  4. Ágætis Byrjun
  5. Heysátan
  6. Olsen Olsen
  7. Von
  8. Gítardjamm
  9. Vaka
  10. Á Ferð Til Breiðafjarðar Vorið 1922 (with Steindór Andersen)
  11. Starálfur
  12. Hoppípolla
  13. Popplagið
  14. Samskeyti/Credits

[edit]DVD 2

  1. Glósóli – 9:15
  2. Memories of Melodies
  3. Heysátan – 5:05
  4. Sé Lest – 11:26
  5. Gítardjamm – 5:29
  6. Olsen Olsen – 8:21
  7. Popplagið – 15:44
  8. Á Húsafelli
  9. Surtshellir – 3:32
  10. Church – 0:40
  11. Museum
  12. Ágætis Byrjun – 6:55
  13. Þorrablót
  14. Kvæðamannafélagið Iðunn
  15. Á Ferð Til Breiðafjarðar Vorið 1922 (with Steindór Andersen) – 6:00
  16. Vaka (Snæfell) – 5:50
  17. Dauðalagið – 13:08
  18. Hoppípolla/Með Blóðnasir – 7:12
  19. Starálfur – 5:39
  20. Vaka (Álafoss) – 5:21
  21. Heima – 3:30
  22. Von – 8:27
  23. Samskeyti – 5:19
  24. Tour Diary
  25. Credits

Islandia

Sejarah

Lukisan dari abad ke-19 yang menggambarkan pertemuan Alþingi diÞingvellir.

Orang pertama yang tinggal di Islandia adalah para pendeta Irlandia yang datang pada awal abad ke-9. Pada pertengahan abad ke-9, bangsa Viking bermigrasi dan tinggal di Islandia.Viking pertama yang tinggal di Islandia adalah Flóki Vilgerðarson. Dialah yang memberi Islandia nama seperti sekarang. Ingólfur Arnarson, seorang kepala suku dari Norwegia, tinggal dan menetap di barat daya Islandia dan mendirikan kota Reykjavik.

Sekitar tahun 930-an, para penguasa Islandia mulai menulis konstitusi negara mereka. Mereka membuat apa yang dinamakan Althing, sejenis parlemen yang berkantor pusat di kotaÞingvellir. Islandia dapat dikatakan sebagai negara bersistem demokrasi tertua yang masih bertahan sampai sekarang.

Pada tahun 985, Erik si Merah diasingkan dari Islandia karena telah membunuh seseorang. Dia lalu berlayar ke barat dan menemukan Greenland. Anak Erik, Leif Erikson, menemukanAmerika pada tahun 1000 dan menamakannya Vinland. Perjalanan Erik, Leif, dan pengikutnya dikisahkan dalam sebuah saga.

Pada tahun 1262, Islandia menjadi bagian dari Norwegia hingga pada tahun 1814 Islandia menjadi bagian dari Denmark. Pada akhir abad ke-19, banyak penduduk Islandia yang ingin memerdekakan dari Denmark. Pada tahun 1918, Islandia mendapatkan kedaulatannya, tetapiraja Denmark masih didaulat menjadi raja Islandia.

Jón Sigurðsson, pemimpin gerakan kemerdekaan Islandia.

Ketika Jerman menduduki Denmark pada tanggal 9 April 1940Althing memutuskan bahwa Islandia adalah milik rakyat Islandia. Akan tetapi, mereka masih belum mendeklarasikan kemerdekaan pada saat itu. Tentara Inggris dan menyusul kemudian Amerika Serikat berinisiatif untuk menduduki Islandia supaya tidak diserang Jerman. Pada tahun 1944, Islandia akhirnya mendeklarasikan kemerdekaannya.

Setalah Perang Dunia II, Islandia menjadi anggota NATO, tetapi tidak menjadi anggota Uni Eropa. Antara tahun 1958 hingga 1976, terjadi tiga kali selisih paham antara Islandia dengan Inggris tentang siapa yang berhak mengambil ikan kod dari perairan di sekitar Islandia. Peperangan tersebut disebut Perang Kod. Tidak ada korban dalam perang tersebut. Pada tahun 1980Vigdís Finnbogadóttir terpilih menjadipresiden. Dia merupakan presiden wanita pertama di Islandia.

[sunting]Kota-Kota Penting

Reykjavik adalah ibukota Islandia dan memegang peranan penting sebagai kota pelabuhan. Kota-kota penting lainnya antara lain Akureyri,KópavogurHafnarfjördhurKeflavík, dan Vestmannaeyjar.

[sunting]Penduduk Islandia

Penduduk Islandia sebagian besar adalah orang Skandinavia. Bahasa yang mereka gunakan adalah bahasa Islandia yang hampir tidak berubah ejaan maupun tata bahasanya selama 1.000 tahun. Orang Islandia bahkan dapat membaca saga kuno yang menceritakan tentang petualangan para Viking tanpa kesulitan yang berarti. Hampir semua orang Islandia menganut agama Kristen aliran Lutheran.

[sunting]Nama Orang Islandia

Nama belakang tidak dikenal di Islandia. Orang Islandia menggunakan patronim, di mana digunakan akhiran -son bila ia pria dan-dóttir bila ia wanita.

Sebagai contoh, Jón Stefánsson mempunyai anak lelaki bernama Fjalar. Nama akhir Fjalar bukanlah Stefánsson seperti bapaknya, melainkan Fjalar Jónsson yang berarti Fjalar, anak laki-laki dari Jón. Hal yang sama berlaku bagi wanita. Apabila Jón Stefánsson mempunyai anak perempuan yang bernama Kata, maka nama belakangnya bukanlah Stefánsson, melainkan Jónsdóttir. Dalam hal ini, namanya berarti Kata, anak perempuan dari Jón.

Dalam kasus tertentu, nama belakang seseorang dapat pula diambil bukan dari nama pertama orangtuanya, melainkan dari nama keduanya. Misalnya, bila Jón adalah anak laki-laki dari Hjálmar Örn Vilhjálmsson, ia dapat dinamai Jón Hjálmarsson (Jón, anak laki-laki dari Hjálmar) atau Jón Arnarson (Jón anak laki-laki dari Örn). Alasannya adalah bahwa orangtuanya lebih suka anaknya dipanggil dengan nama tengah, bukan dengan nama pertama. Hal ini cukup lazim atau mungkin pula nama tengah itu terdengar lebih cocok dengan nama pertama si anak.

Sebagian besar nama belakang orang Islandia membawa nama ayahnya, namun dalam kasus tertentu, nama ibunyalah yang dipergunakan karena berbagai alasan. Terkadang si anak atau si ibu ingin memutuskan ikatan sosial dengan si ayah. Sejumlah feminis menggunakan hal ini sebagai sebuah pernyataan sosial. Sebagian yang lain memilihnya hanya karena masalah selera saja. Betapa pun juga, konvensinya tetap sama. Fjalar, anak laki-laki dari Bryndís, akan menggunakan nama lengkap Fjalar Bryndísarson yang berarti Fjalar, anak laki-laki dari Bryndís.

Di banyak negara orang memanggil orang lain dengan nama belakangnya, tetapi di Islandia orang memanggil orang lain dari nama depannya. Sebagai contoh ketika orang membicarakan tentang Halldór Ásgrímsson mereka tidak memanggilnya Ásgrímsson, tetapi Halldór, hampir sama dengan panggilan untuk orang di sebagian besar wilayah Indonesia.

dikutip dari wikipedia (http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Islandia)

I love all about Iceland include this!

Miss World 2005: Iceland’s Unnur Birna Vilhjalmsdottir Crowned The Most Beautiful, Talented, Altruistic Woman

Miss.Iceland.2005.World.jpg

Who is the most beautiful, talented and altruistic woman in “the world”?

She speaks the ancient language of the Vikings. Her career ambition is to become a criminal lawyer. She is twenty-one years of age. She loves to hike, camp and play the piano. She has a passion for children. Her motto is, “You are what you do.” And her mother shared the same title as the representative for her nation in 1983.

Can you guess?

Her name is Unnur Birna Vilhjalmsdottir.

And her previous title?

Miss Iceland.

According to a panel of nine former winners of the competition, including Ann Sidney, Miss World 1964 from England and the Chairman of the competition, Mrs. Julia Morley (who has also run the Mister World bi-annual competition since 1996), Miss Iceland took the cake and was the icing too in this year’s competition.

On Saturday, December 10th, 2005, Unnur Birna, an anthropology and law student and part-time policewoman, was crowned Miss World 2005.

The Miss World 2005 competition took place on the tropical resort island of Hainan in Saina, China. This was the third year the event took place in a vacation spot that has become a favorite in southern China. Hainan Island began hosting the Miss World Pageant in 2003. The pageant was founded in the United Kingdom by Eric Morley in 1951. 2005 marked the 55th Miss World competition.

Miss.Iceland.Miss.World.200.jpgMiss World 2005, Unnur Birna Vilhjalmsdottir

Unnur Birna Vilhjalmsdottir entered the Miss Iceland competition to honor the memory of her late grandmother who made many of the dresses worn by contestants over the years.

Miss.Iceland.1983.jpgMiss Iceland got great advice from her mother (seen left), who was crowned Miss Iceland in 1983.

Unnur Steinsson made it to the Top Five in the global contest that year.

Unnur Steinsson’s daughter said:

My mum gave me some advice for how to behave, and it seems to have worked.

She told me to be myself, not be fake in any way, and to relax.

I am so pleased that she was able to be here to see me win the title.

Miss.World.1988.Iceland.jpgThe last Miss Iceland to win the Miss World competition was Linda Petursdottir in 1988.

In 1994, Petursdottir became a successful businesswoman when she opened Badhusid - Iceland Spa & Fitness. Today, this ladies-only health spa, where women come to rejuvenate their body, mind and soul, is the largest spa in Iceland.

The year Linda won the Miss World competition, Unnur Birna’s grandmother made Petursdottir’s gown.

Miss.World.1985.Iceland.jpg1985 was the first year Miss Iceland won the Miss World competition.

Her name? Hofi Karlsdottir.

Hofi was Miss Iceland, Queen of Europe and Miss World for 1985.

Only four other nations have won as many or more times as Iceland. Jamaica and Sweden have also both won three times. The United Kingdom has won four times. And India and Venezuela have won the Miss World competition five times since 1951.

The agenda for Miss World 2005 in 2006 will be explicitly altruistic, as it has been since its inception in 1951.

Throughout the coming year, Unnur Birna will serve as a goodwill ambassador and charity fundraiser for children’s cause.


Miss.World.05.Contestants.jpg

The 21-year-old Unnur Birna Vilhjalmsdottir beat over 100 other women in this year’s contest. These beautiful, talented women include:

ALBANIA - Suada SHERIFAJ
AMERICAN VIRGIN ISLANDS - Kmisha-Victoria COUNTS
ARGENTINA - Emilia IANNETTA
ARUBA - Sarah Carolina JUDDAN
AUSTRALIA - Dennae BRUNOW
BAHAMAS - Ordain MOSS
BARBADOS - Marielle Chetham ONYECHE
BELGIUM - Tatiana SILVA BRAGA TAVARES
BOLIVIA - Viviana MENDEZ RIVERO
BOSNIA & HERZEGOVINA - Sanja TUNJIC
BOTSWANA - Tshegofatso Abigail Tumisang ROBI
BRAZIL - Patricia REGINATO
BULGARIA - Rositsa IVANOVA
CANADA - Ramona Rina AMIRI
CHINA PR - Ting Ting ZHAO
CHINESE TAIPEI - Su-Jung HSU
COLOMBIA - Erika QUERUBIN
CONGO DEMOCRATIC REP. - Nelly DEMBO OSONGO
COSTA RICA - Leonora JIMENEZ MONGE
CROATIA - Maja CVJETKOVIC
CYPRUS - Orthodoxia (Doxia) MOUTSOURI
CZECH REPUBLIC - Lucie KRALOVA
DENMARK - Trine LUNDGAARD
DOMINICAN REPUBLIC - Elisa ABREU DE LOS SANTOS
ECUADOR - Marielisa MARQUES GUTIERREZ
EL SALVADOR - Alejandra Mirian CARCAMO RAMOS
ENGLAND - Hammasa KOHISTANI
ESTONIA - Laura KORGEMAE
ETHIOPIA - Seble MEKONNEN
FRANCE - Cindy FABRE
GEORGIA - Salome KHELASHVILI
GERMANY - Daniela RISCH
GHANA - Inna Mariam PATTY
GIBRALTAR - Melanie CHIPOLINA
GREECE - Aikaterini STIKOUDI
GUADELOUPE - Meryta MELINA
GUATEMALA - Maria Ines GALVEZ CLOSE
GUYANA - Jasmine Samoy HERZOG
HONG KONG CHINA - Chui Chui IP
HUNGARY - Tunde SEMMI-KIS
ICELAND - Unnur Birna VILHJALMSDOTTIR
INDIA - Sindhura GADDE
INDONESIA - Lindi Cistia PRABHA
IRELAND - Aoife Mary COGAN
ISRAEL - Keren SHACHAM
ITALY - Sofia BRUSCOLI
JAMAICA - Terri-Karelle GRIFFITH
JAPAN - Erina SHINOHARA
KENYA - Cecilia Murugi MWANGI
KOREA - Eun-Young OH
LATVIA - Valerija SEVCUKA
LEBANON - Lamita FRANGIEH
LIBERIA - Snoti FORH
MACEDONIA FYRO - Milena STANIVUKOVICH
MALAWI - Rachel LANDSON PHIRI
MALAYSIA - Emmeline Wei Shu NG
MALTA - Ferdine Irma FAVA
MARTINIQUE - Moana-Sarann ROBINEL
MAURITIUS - Meenakshi Shivani PUTTY
MEXICO - Dafne MOLINA LONA
MOLDOVA - Irina DOLOVOVA
MONGOLIA - Khongorzul GANBAT
NAMIBIA - Leefa Shilkwa LEEFA
NEPAL - Sugarika K.C.
NETHERLANDS - Monique PLAT
NEW ZEALAND - Kay Margaret ANDERSON
NICARAGUA - Valeria GARCIA DAVILA
NIGERIA - Omowunmi AKINNIFESI
NORTHERN IRELAND - Lucy Avril EVANGELISTA
NORWAY - Helene TRAASAVIK
PANAMA - Anna Isabella VAPRIO MEDAGLIA
PERU - Fiorella Maria CASTELLANO GARCIA
PHILIPPINES - Carlene AGUILAR
POLAND - Malwina RATAJCZAK
PORTUGAL - Angela Maria FONSECA SPINOLA
PUERTO RICO - Ingrid Marie RIVERA SANTOS
ROMANIA - Raluca VOINA
RUSSIA - Yulia IVANOVA
SCOTLAND - Aisling Nuala FRIEL
SERBIA & MONTENEGRO - Dina DZANKOVIC
SINGAPORE - Shenise Wong Yan YI
SLOVAKIA - Ivica SLAVIKOVA
SLOVENIA - Sanja GROHAR
SOUTH AFRICA - Dhiveja SUNDRUM
SPAIN - Mireia VERDU TREMOSA
SRI LANKA - Nadeeka Samanmali PERERA
ST LUCIA - Joy MATTY
SWAZILAND - Zinhle Marcia MAGONGO
SWEDEN - Liza BERGGREN
SWITZERLAND - Lauriane GILLIERON
TANZANIA - Nancy Abraham SUMARY
THAILAND - Sindie JENSEN
TRINIDAD & TOBAGO - Jenna-Marie ANDRE
TURKEY - Hande SUBASI
UGANDA - Praise Juliet AKANKWATSA
UKRAINE - Yuliya PINCHUK
UNITED STATES - Lisette DIAZ
URUGUAY - Daniela TAMBASCO MARFETAN
VENEZUELA - Berliz Susan CARRIZO ESCANDELA
VIETNAM - Huong Giang VU
WALES - Claire EVANS
ZAMBIA - Precious Kabungo MUMBI

Miss.World.2005.Bathingsuit.jpg2005 Miss World Contestants

A number of countries missing from the pageant:

AFGHANISTAN
IRAN
IRAQ
KOREA
PAKISTAN
PALESTINE
SAUDI ARABIA

Now that will be real progress, when we see a woman represent these worlds.

In Saina, the women were divided into six groups: The Asia Pacific Group, The Northern Europe Group, The Southern Europe Group, the Americas Group, the Africa Group and the Caribbean Group.

Miss Iceland was part of the Northern Europe Group.

The public was invited to vote for the favorite in each group.

According to the pageant’s official web site:

Voting was intense in what is thought to be the World’s largest text vote. In a first this year, people in more than 200 countries were being invited to place votes for their favourite contestants in the finals of Miss World 2005. This set the contest on a roll, with each girl realising the importance of gaining support from the public.

Contestants featured in one of six ‘Vote For Me’ TV specials where invited viewers to cast votes via an individual number for worldwide SMS voting or IVR. The shows gave an opportunity for each contestant to tell a little about themselves and canvas votes. Points were then awarded according to an effective formula which ensured that votes from all countries equated, regardless of the size of population, voting medium or overall number of votes.

Among the finalists Vilhjalmsdottir beat were:

Miss Italy Sofia Bruscoli, who was awarded the title of Miss South Europe;

Miss Tanzania Nancy Abraham Sumary, who was named Miss Africa;

Miss Korea Eun-Young Oh, who was crowned Miss Asia Pacific.

Other top finalists included:

Miss Puerto Rico Ingrid Rivera Santos
Miss Mexico Dafne Molina Loma
Miss Tanzania Nancy Abraham Sumary

Miss Puerto Rico, Ingrid Maria Riviera Santos was crowned first runner up this year, and an ambassador for the Caribbean.

Miss Mexico, Dafne Molina Lona was voted the pageant’s second runner up. She will serve as Miss World Americas ambassador over the coming year.

Miss.World.05.Iceland.jpg

AFP Photographer Peter Parks and others captured the magic of the evening in Hainan.

Vilhjalmsdottir takes over Maria Julia Mantilla Garcia’s 2004 reign.

Miss World 2004 of Peru spent the past year working to improve children’s education.

On Saturday night, Miss World 2004 crowned Miss Iceland in front of nearly two billion people.

Miss.World.2004.Peru.jpg Miss World 2004, Maria Julia Mantilla Garcia

Miss World is second only to the Olympics in terms of international participation.

Unnur Birna will serve as a goodwill ambassador and charity fundraiser for children’s causes throughout next year.

The beautiful, green-eyed brunette said:

In the coming year I want to do just as much as I can to help.

I would love to do what I can do for charity and for the children of the world.

The pageant’s 55th winner will also likely profit from numerous modeling and acting contracts.

Miss.World.2005.Crowned.jpg

Unnur Birna Vilhjalmsdottir’s profile on MissWorld.tv, the official 2005 Miss World Web site, states:

Unnur was born in the Capital Reykjavik but grew up in a small town called Seltjarnarnes. In Iceland you can see a tremendous icecap, several glaciers, spouting geysers, steaming solfataras, volcanoes (hopefully dormant), raging rivers and magnificent waterfalls, a multitude of birds and cavorting whales.

Iceland can boast of many offbeat sports and attracts many visitors, as summers are surprisingly warm and winters not as cold as you might expect.

For the past year Unnur has been studying anthropology at the University and next fall she will commence her studies in Law as she plans to graduate as a lawyer as well as an anthropologist.

She is chairman of the college social club and teaches dance, she also enjoys acting, singing, all types of dancing, snow-boarding, hiking, camping, horsemanship and has a special talent for choreography and playing the piano.

During her summer holidays this year, Unnur was working as a police officer at the airport.

Her favorite motto is “You are what you do” or “You are what you make”.


Other Winners

Miss Iceland was not the only winner on Saturday night.

Miss.Virgin.Islands.2005.jpg Kmisha-Victoria Counts Photo Credit: MWO

Miss America Virgin Islands Kmisha-Victoria Counts won the talent contest for her sweet soul singing.

Miss Korea won the cherished title, Beauty With A Purpose.

This award commemorates her humanitarian fundraising and charity work.

Miss.Russia.2005.Bathingsui.jpg Miss World 2005 Swimsuit Beauty Winner Yulia Ivanova from Russia

Russia’s Yulia Ivanova won the bathing suit contest.

To learn more about the Miss World 2005 competition, please explore the official web site at:

www.MissWorld.tv2005.Miss.World.Iceland.jpgMiss World 2005 - Iceland’s Unnur Birna Vilhjalmsdottir Photo Credit: MWO

Congratulations to all the contestants who are beautiful and talented, and who all have a greater purpose.

Inspire & Be Inspired.

Here’s to healthy, adventuresome, soulful, “for the betterment of children” living!

~ Jennifer Carolyn King, Rugged Elegance, LLC

Posted by jck at December 13, 2005 7:18 AM

KAMERA DIGITAL PERTAMA DI DUNIA
Pada bulan Desember 1975, seorang Insinyur dari Kodak Steve Sasson menciptakan sebuah revolusi fotografi: kamera digital pertama di dunia!!,. menangkap gambar hitam dan putih pada resolusi 0,01 megapiksel!!Gambar yang tersimpan di kaset. Kamera menggunakan ADC dari Motorola, standar untuk lensa tahun 1970-an. pada kamera film Kodak memakai chip CCD dari Fairchild Semiconductor - teknologi yang sama yang digunakan kamera digital saat ini. 
Untuk pemutaran gambar, sebuah komputer khusus dan setup tape reader (gambar dibawah) dibangun, keluaran gambar buram pada TV standar. Butuh waktu 23 detik lebih lanjut untuk membaca gambar setiap dari tape.

KAMERA DIGITAL PERTAMA DI DUNIA

Pada bulan Desember 1975, seorang Insinyur dari Kodak Steve Sasson menciptakan sebuah revolusi fotografi: kamera digital pertama di dunia!!,. menangkap gambar hitam dan putih pada resolusi 0,01 megapiksel!!Gambar yang tersimpan di kaset. Kamera menggunakan ADC dari Motorola, standar untuk lensa tahun 1970-an. pada kamera film Kodak memakai chip CCD dari Fairchild Semiconductor - teknologi yang sama yang digunakan kamera digital saat ini. 

Untuk pemutaran gambar, sebuah komputer khusus dan setup tape reader (gambar dibawah) dibangun, keluaran gambar buram pada TV standar. Butuh waktu 23 detik lebih lanjut untuk membaca gambar setiap dari tape.

Ramai. Tercerai berai. Dingin. Diterpa angin. Sakit. Berjuang dengan sengit.

Baru saja habis merasakan hal yang tidak biasa. Kau pun datang tergesa gesa.

Ah, dasar kau pengganggu! Diaaaam! Aku bosan…

Kau mau? Aku beri.. Kau bosan? Ya itulah kau! Tidak tahu tanda terimakasih..

Adolf Hitler: Turunan Yahudi Tapi Benci Yahudi

Hitler ternyata keturunan Yahudi. Berdasarkan hasil tes DNA, Hitler merupakan keturunan orang Yahudi dan Afrika. Ironisnya, justru dua ras inilah yang paling dibenci dan ingin dimusnahkan oleh Hitler ketika dia masih berkuasa. Temuan dan hasil ters DNA ini jelas akan menjadi perdebatan serius bagi para ahli sejarah dan politik dunia.

Sekedar mengingatkan saja, ideologi totaliter ala Hitler menekankan dan mengharuskan kesatuan dan kohesi sosial. Politik yang dijalankan berupaya untuk melahirkan tatanan yang teratur, serta menghindari fragmentasi yang terjadi pada masyarakat. Masyarakat dipahami sebagai keseluruhan organis, setiap bagian melayani satu fungsi.

Individu harus tunduk patuh tanpa kritis pada kemauan negara. Negara yang dimaksud pun tidak lain kecuali sang “Fuhrer” Hitler. Dengan begitu, personalisasi negara pada Hitler pun tidak bisa dihindari dan sangat menmgental. Yang mengerikan, rezim totaliter HItler memiliki kecenderung yang kuat untuk menghalalkan kekejaman dan kekerasan.

Hugh Purcell, dalam bukunya “Fascism” (2000) mendeskripsikan bahwa rezim fasis yang dibangun oleh Adolf Hitler merupakan negara yang paling berkuasa dan merusak dalam sejarah dan era negara modern. Alsannya sederhana. Dalam pemerintrahannya, Hitler membangun mesis teror dan polisi rahasia.

Polisi rahasia sebagai instrumen mesin teror memiliki tugas yang jelas. Mereka giat menyensor pers, membubarkan rapat umum, serta melarang warga negara memberikan pendapat secara bebas. Polisi juga dengan bebas dan dengan hak penuh menghapus serikat-serikat buruh.

Hitler juga merupakan tokoh anti-semitik yang fanatik. Kebensiannya terhadap orang Yahudi sungguh-sungguh dan obsesif. Dan ini menjadi komponen nazisme yang paling penting. Sikap anti semitik itu menyata dalam pemboikotan bisnis Yahudi, pencabutan kewarganegaraan Jerman mereka, pencaplokan perlindungan hukum, menaruh status Yahudi ke kelompok kelas tiga, memasukan mereka ke kamp konsentrasi. Perampasan yang terakhir adalah hidup para warga yahudi itu sendiri.

Kalau kita kembali kepada informasi awal di atas, kita bisa tuturkan bahwa ketika Hitler membenci dan menempatkan kaum Yahudi sebagai ras budak, pada saat yang sama dia sebetulnya sedang merendahkan dan membudakkan dirinya sendiri. Perang Hitler (baca: ras Arya) terhadap Yahudi berubah judul menjadi “Perang Yahudi Lawan Yahudi.” Ini jelas menjadi salah satu fragmen ironi sejarah abad ke-20.

iPad untuk Fotografer

Seberapa jauh kah iPad bisa digunakan bagi para fotografer? Cukup jauh, setidaknya menurut saya.

Camera Connection Kit

Sebelah kiri untuk membaca SD card, sebelah kanan untuk USB

Saya baru saja mendapatkan iPad camera connection kit, accessories yang cukup penting bagi para fotografer. Memang saya dengar harganya cukup mahal di Indonesia, kebetulan saya sedang studi di Melbourne, jadi mendapatkannya dengan harga resmi cukup mudah.

Kemudian, apa fungsi dari benda ini? Yang pasti, anda mendapatkan 2 buah adapter. Satu untuk membaca SD card, satu lagi untuk membaca USB. Yap, benar, USB, jadi bila kamera anda menggunakan CF atau Memory Stick Duo, Anda hanya perlu card reader, yang sudah cukup murah di pasaran, kemudian disambungkan ke iPad, dan foto-foto anda bisa segera ditransfer. Satu hal yang saya kagum, ternyata iPad bisa membaca file RAW. Saya menggunakan Nikon, jadi file NEF bisa terbaca, dan tetap tersimpan sebagai NEF, sehingga ketika ditransfer ke komputer akan tetap menjadi NEF. Namun saya tidak ada kamera merk lain, jadi saya belum bisa mencoba format lain. Tapi saya yakin bisa.

Menggunakan card reader di iPad

Cukup membantu, apalagi bila iPad yang anda miliki mempunyai kapasitas yang besar. Selain untuk backup ketika anda sedang travelling dengan keluarga atau hunting foto bersama teman, dengan layar iPad yang besar dan jernih, anda bisa menikmati foto-foto anda, atau menunjukan ke klien anda.

Photoshop Express

Tak hanya untuk lihat-lihat foto atau meng-backup foto anda, Adobe telah berbaik hati membuat apps Photoshop Express untuk iPad, gratis pula. Setelah anda transfer foto ke iPad, anda bisa mengedit foto anda melalui Photoshop Express. Anda bisa melakukan editan mendasar, seperti Crop, meluruskan atau rotate photos, exposure, saturation, tint, black and white, contrast, sketch filter, soft focus filter, sharpen filter, effects, dan menambahkan borders atau frame.

Memang sepertinya sangat mendasar, namun setidaknya editan ruang gelap bisa dilakukan beberapa, dan itu sebenarnya sudah cukup bagi fotografer. Bila ingin lebih, silahkan melakukan di laptop atau komputer. Anda lalu bisa menyimpannya, atau share melalui email atau dropbox. Sangat membantu.

Gambar di atas adalah screen shoot dari photoshop express. Sangat mudah untuk digunakan. Foto yg digunakan sebagai contoh adalah foto infrared, dan ber-format NEF. Di kiri bawah adalah tools yang tersedia yang sudah saya sebutkan di atas.

Semoga postingan ini bisa membantu anda. Kalau anda punya tambahan, silahkan ditulis di bawah.

Terima Kasih.

Nearly 40 percent of the internet is porn.

ohyeahfacts:

After porn, the next four content types are shopping (9 percent), travel (5.7), computing (4.2) and sports (4.2).

(via)

sungguh memprihatinkan!!

i’m dreaming about this lenses

When Mad Cow Disease caused a slump in burger sales in 2005, several Japanese McDonald’s franchises enticed customers by replacing Ronald McDonald with a svelte female with shoulder-length red hair, a yellow dress, and red high-heeled shoes.

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